Cappadocia, largely in Nevşehir Province, is Central Turkey’s region of exceptional natural wonders particularly characterized by a unique historical and cultural heritage. Generally regarded as the plains and the mountainous region of eastern central Anatolia, Cappadocia is largely underlain by sedimentary rocks and ignimbrite deposits. The rocks of Cappadocia near Goreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular minaret-like forms and pillars. The incredible and unique tuff-coned landscape has shaped thanks to forces of erosion.
It was believed that the underground communities of Cappadocia served as temporary shelters rather than as permanent hidden cities. Cappadocia’s holy grottoes once housed the largest community of monks in Asia Minor. The two largest communities are situated at Derinkuyu and Kaymakli. Men created dwellings, churches, monasteries, and underground cities for hundreds of years.
Cappadocia is one of Turkey’s most tourist destinations.
Uçhisar Hill and Castle, Cappadocia\'s highest point, near Nevşehir
One distinguishing feature of Cappadocia is pigeon houses hewn into the unique rock formations.
Visitors should not miss the Göreme Open Air Museum, a complex of medieval painted cave churches.
The town Göreme with rock houses in front of the spectacularly colored valleys
Cappadocia is one of the world’s best places to fly with hot air balloons thanks to the spectacular surrealistic landscapes and excellent flying conditions. The combination of landscapes and flying conditions helps the balloons gently drift between fairy chimneys. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views over the region when on balloons floating up over the rippled ravines.
Hot air balloon flights in Cappadocia, Turkey
Fairy chimneys are really interesting rock formations, formed as the result of the erosion of tufa layer and sculpted by flood water and wind. A variety of fairy chimneys are found in Cappadocia, especially those with cones, caps, mushrooms like forms, columns, and pointed rocks. Visitors can views fairy chimneys in the valleys of the Uchisar- Ürgüp-Avanos triangle, around the town of Cat in Nevsehir, and in the village of Selime in Aksaray.
Fairy chimneys in Cappadocia
A closer look at houses carved from fairy chimneys in Cappadocia
The stone houses also have bathrooms and swimming pools.
Cappadocia is a renowned tourist destination as it has many areas with unique geological, historical and cultural features. Travelers should not miss Cappadocia’s must-see places including Göreme Valley National Park and rock churches, Fairy Chimneys, Derinkuyu, underground cities of Kaymakli, Avanos with its pottery and carpets, Ortahisar rock fortress, and Uçhisar rock fortress.
The town of Ortahisar
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